The Costa Blanca is blue ... like the nearly 59 flags that prove the quality of the waters of its more than 200 kilometers of coastline that are lost in the sea ... for something Alicante is the province with more distinctions of this type in all of Spain. In this part of the Mediterranean coast there are numerous beaches of smooth sand, calm coves, imposing cliffs, underwater caves and forests that extend to the water ...
The province can not be understood without its interior populations that have a complete network of charming hotels, rural lodgings and restaurants with distinctive and quality recognitions. Beautiful municipalities in which the union between agriculture, climate, crafts and tradition allow to establish a way of life intimately related to nature.
And it is that the Costa Blanca is, always, much more than extraordinary summers of beaches and palm trees ... it is also mountain, relax, gastronomy and nature. A constant recipe of love and care in the traditional and avant-garde production of its products. This region offers a range of comforting experiences for all palates, which have positioned it in international gastronomic maps.
The variety is not only on the beaches and monuments in Costa Blanca, is also reflected in the cuisine, the variety is a feature, either by the different cities that make it or by the nuances of each city. The Costa Blanca cuisine, awarded with 12 Michelin stars, is the fifth province with the most awards in Spain, becoming another reason to visit any of its main tourist areas ...
The Wine Route that runs through the different wineries in the province is a journey that leaves no one indifferent ... wines that are increasingly recognized and awarded, bringing all that Mediterranean flavor to the mouths of visitors.
You can also enjoy the Gran Costa Blanca Interior Route, a unique proposal that invites you to discover the landscape, environmental and cultural contrasts of the province of Alicante and which allows you to visit interesting historical remains, discover myths and legends, learn about different traditions, architecture, customs , gastronomy, and crafts of this privileged province.
Beaches of fine sand, cliffs, miles of dunes and places of great ecological and scenic value such as the Natural Park of El Montgó, the Carrascal de la Font Roja Natural Park, the Parc Natural de la Serra de Mariola, El Hondo Natural Park and La Mata - Torrevieja Natural Park are part of the itinerary.
The Costa Blanca is also full of history ... archaeological sites, castles, walls, churches and monuments that make up a rich legacy reflected through the Route of the Castles. Hills, mountain ranges and hills that once served to build imposing fortresses, as strong defensives and lookouts, now make up one of the most beautiful touristic touristic routes in the country.
In the experiences, there is always a gap to value art, its art. A tour of the museums proves the trajectory of a province marked by its cultural diversity, from prehistory to the Iberian and Roman world. In addition, an extraordinary Arab legacy with splendid fortresses declared mostly of Cultural Interest.
In addition, the Costa Blanca is a party province par excellence ... there is no corner or population, however small, that does not celebrate a party with its own idiosyncrasy.
The first settlers of Santa Pola lived in the third millennium BC in the Cave of the Spiders of Carabassi, located on the vertical slope of a ravine of the Sierra. The activity developed was the hunting and exploitation of marine resources. The extension of agriculture and the influence of Eastern societies, Greek and Phoenician, from the Vll century a. C. give rise to the appearance of the Iberian culture, which has left its mark on Santa Pola, in the Iberian town of Alonai, very close to the current cemetery.
Here was located a fortified city of the 4th century BC. C., whose inhabitants were engaged in fishing and trade with other peoples of the Mediterranean, especially with the Greeks. From the 1st century AD C. the port develops, denominated by the Romans Portas ilicitanus, that happened to be the base of a maritime commerce of great amplitude, open door to the Mediterranean of the lulia lilice Augusta Colony (present Elche), by where entrance and exit was given to commercial products.
The Portas ilicitanus remained active throughout the Roman imperial era, of which there are numerous archaeological testimonies in Santa Pola: an important fish salting factory, in which the famous fish sauce called "garum" was elaborated, warehouses for depositing the goods that would be shipped in the port, streets, houses and other vestiges. Among them we must highlight the Roman House of the Palm Grove, a luxurious villa of the 4th century AD. C. with mosaics and mural paintings, which is currently restored and conditioned for your visit.
From the 5th century, the life of the port declined and there was a depopulation of the area, as in the rest of the Levant. The lack of human activity from the end of the Roman Empire to the High Middle Ages, forms in this area a kind of desert border. At the end of the eleventh century the construction of the first military forts in the southern area of the Kingdom of Valencia begins.
During the Middle Ages this area is called Port of Cap de L'Aljub, which after the Castilian domination became part of the Kingdom of Aragon in the fourteenth century. In Santa Pola there are periods of scarce fishing and commercial activity, due to insecurity in the whole Mediterranean coast, due to the pressure of bandits and corsairs. This motivated the construction of the Castillo - Fortaleza and Torres Vigía del Tamarit in the Salinas, Escaletes in the Sierra and Atalayola in the current lighthouse, for the defense of the sailors who saw their safety and interests threatened, because of the piracy. From the eighteenth century, the population is concentrated around the Castillo-Fortaleza, the core of which starts the development of the town, whose main economic activity was fishing.